The Airedale Terrier is the largest dog breed of the terrier type which originated in the Valley of the River Aire, situated in the West Riding of Yorkshire, England. Since it is largest among the terrier breed, it is also called as “King of Terriers”. They are independent, hardworking, and athletic dog with a high amount of energy. The dog has a classic long head of the terriers, sporty beard and mustache, dark eyes and folded ears. The Airedale Terrier makes an excellent family pet with its friendly nature and love for playing with children. They are also vigilant and protective, which makes them brilliant watchdog.
Airedale Terrier puppies
Airedale Terrier Quick Information
|Other names||Waterside Terrier
King of Terriers
|Color||Black and tan|
|Weight||Male: 40–50 pounds
Female: 35–40 pounds
|Height||Male: 22–24 inches (56–61 cm)
Female: 22–23 inches (56–58 cm)
|Litter size||9 pups|
|Personality||Courageous, confident, friendly, alert, affectionate|
|Life span||10 – 12 years|
|Good with Children||Yes|
|AKC, ANKC, FCI, CKC, KC(UK), UKC, NZKC|
Airedale Terrier History
This breed is believed to have originated from the English Terrier or the Black and Tan Terrier, which was a mid-sized Airedale that was bred by hunters in Yorkshire for hunting small games such as fox and water rat. During the middle of 19th century, some terriers were interbred with Otterhounds near South Yorkshire’s River Aire for improving the hunting and sensing abilities around the water. The interbreeding resulted in a breed called Waterside Terrier or Bingley which was popular for its otter hunting expertise. However, it was in the year 1878 that the breed was accepted as Airedale Terrier.
It was later crossed with Bull and Irish terrier, for removing the traits of Otterhound cross which wasn’t so popular. Champion Master Briar, the breed’s patriarch made this dog famous by the 20th century and later his also gained the same popularity in the US. The size and the exception of hunting ability, helped the Airedale to become immensely popular as a big game hunter. It also became celebrated dog as a great family pet and as a police dog for its intelligence, obedience and smart looks.
Airedale Terrier Care
Airedale Terrier Grooming:
It has got short, wiry coat and hence the maintenance requirement of the dog is quite less. Brushing on a weekly basis is good enough to keep the coat looking good and for removing the dead hair. A slicker brush can be used for removing the tangles and matting. Brush its teeth on a regular basis to remove the buildup of tartar and bacteria. Bathe the dog only when required and clean up the ear to prevent building up of wax.
Airedale Terrier Exercise:
They are highly energetic dogs and requires plenty of daily and regular exercise. Take the dog on long walks or allow it to run in an enclosed backyard for safely channelizing its energy. The Airedale loves to play with children, however, the playtime with kids and the dog should be monitored by the adults.
Airedale Terrier Health:
The Airedale Terrier dog is by and large a healthy breed but some issues such as dry skin and eye-related problems can trouble them.
Airedale Terrier Training:
The Airedale Terrier is an intelligent breed hence training them is not at all difficult. Keep the training session short and consistent so that the dog does not get bored and respond to your command properly.
Start with the basic command training and ensure that he obeys them obediently. Speak out commands like SIT and STAY firmly and see that he reacts to it instantly. They have a little habit of chasing, hence you have to call out the command COMEBACK loudly to make the dog stop right at his place. Reward the dog once he adheres to your command.
The dog should be given superior quality high protein type food. An adult grain-free dry kibble food can meet the diet requirements of this breed. Avoid giving food and treats to this dog which contains wheat, rice, and corn, particularly to the growing puppies. Provide food which consists oats and barley as they can render calcium to their growing bones.
Airedale Terrier Interesting facts:
The Airedale Terriers served in the British Military during World War I and they were used to pass on messages between commanding officers and troops in the trenches.
The Red Cross also used this breed as a rescue dog during the war
A dog named ‘Jack’ even received Victoria Cross, the highest honor in the United Kingdom for showing unbelievable valor during the war and dying in the line of duty.
This breed was the first to be used as police dogs in Great Britain.
John Wayne’s nickname ‘Duke’ was actually of his pet dog which was also an Airedale Terrier.