The American Eskimo dog is an adorable breed with a combination of beauty and brain. Commonly known as Eskie, it is an excellent companion dog has originated in the beautiful country of Germany. It is a member of the Spitz family. Their ultra-fluffy thick, snow white coat and black facial features make them incredibly cute.
It has a double coat that comprises dense short undercoat. The long guard hair grows through it and forms the overcoat. The dog’s nearly smiling face highlights their playful and energetic nature. They have a strong personality with high intelligence.
The dog is fun-loving and can make a great family pet. These dogs are a bit clingy and might suffer from separation anxiety. The American Eskimo dogs are alert and friendly with a bit of reservation for making new friends. This breed shares a common resemblance with Volpino Italiano, Danish Spitz, Japanese Spitz, German Spitz, and Samoyed.
American Eskimo Dogs Types
The American Eskimo dog comes in all shapes and sizes. The variation differs the size only, the physical characteristics remain largely same.
Miniature American Eskimo
The miniature American Eskimo dog reaches a height of about 15 inches. The miniature version falls between the toy and the standard size. It is fluffy like the Bedlington Terrier and is taller to the famous Rat Terrier.
Toy American Eskimo
The Toy American Eskimo is about a size of a puppy, about 10 inches. People often wrongly identify them for puppies. Check with the kennel on buying a Toy Eskimo to ensure it is a toy breed and not a puppy.
Standard American Eskimo
It is the largest of the American Spitz that stands at the height of 17 inches and weighs 30 lb. Among the 3 German Spitz dogs, this one is faster and swifter, thanks to its long legs.
|Other names||German Spitz, Eskimo Spitz, American Spitz|
|Coat||Soft and dense|
|Group (of Breed)||Spitz, Nordic|
|Height||Standard: 15–19 inches
Miniature: 12–15 inches
Toy: 9–12 inches
|Weight||Standard: 18–35 pounds
Miniature: 10–20 pounds
Toy: 6–10 pounds
|Lifespan/ Expectancy||12 to 15 years|
|Temperament||Friendly, intelligent, alert, protective, reserved.|
|Good with children||Yes (Preferably with older children)|
|Country of Origin||Germany|
|Competitive Registration||UKC, AKC, CKC|
American Eskimo Dog History
This cute and cuddly dog has quite a fascinating history. These dogs are believed to have descended from several European Spitzes which includes the White German Spitz, the White Keeshond, the Volpino Italiano (or white Italian Spitz) and the white Pomeranian. Ironically, the Eskimos have nothing to do with the development of this breed. In the middle of 19th century, these small Nordic dogs were commonly found in the American communities of the German immigrants. These dogs were often called by the name of American Spitz.
They became famous entertainer dogs after World War I for showing tricks in the circus. The Cooper Brother’s Railroad circus featured the dogs in 1917. A dog named Stout's Pal Pierre in the Barnum and Bailey Circus became renowned for walking a tightrope in the 1930s. Banking on their popularity, they sold the puppies after the show.
With America’s entry into the World War I, there was a wave of anti-German sentiment thriving in the people. It compelled to change the breed’s German name to American Eskimo Dog.
In the year 1985, the American Eskimo Dog Club of America was formed. In 1993, they transferred their registered dogs to the American Kennel Club (AKC). The AKC gave recognition to this breed in 1995 in the category of Non-Sporting Group.
The American Eskimo dogs are a combination of cuteness and intelligence. The Eskies are energetic and playful dogs. They are great with children and other pets which makes them an excellent family dog. It is a sheer joy to have these dogs around. They love to please their masters and shall perform tricks too for doing that. The dogs always like to run, play and explore things around. They can withstand snowy weather easily which makes them an apt choice for the colder climate.
They continuously need human companionship and might suffer from separation anxiety on leaving them alone. This breed is highly vigilant and alert which makes this dog excellent watchdog. These dogs are profound barkers with a high pitch. They always need to be active in something to channelize their energy. You need to ensure that you provide your dog ample of exercise on a daily basis.
The American Eskimo dog is highly energetic and requires an adequate amount of exercise that suffices its high energy level. Exercise clubbed with mental challenges will do very well for this dog. It is an intelligent breed, and you must keep it occupied with something. Leaving the dog alone or without any stimulating activities can make it resort to destructive activities.
The American Eskimo Miniature and Toy version can do well in apartment life. The Standard one is suitable for families with large homes having fenced backyard with ample room to run and play. Adults should supervise their playtime with the kids as the dogs can get a bit rough with them.
Its thick double coat sheds round the year and completely blows twice a year. The dog's coat might shed heavily, maintaining it is not that difficult. Brush the dogs two to three times in a week to keep it clean and prevent matting. The oil present in the dog’s fur acts like a natural dirt repellant. Daily brushing will help to keep it clean. Bathe the Eskie only a few times in a year. Trimming nails regularly, brushing of teeth and cleaning of ears will help to keep them healthy.
The American Eskimo dog is relatively a healthy breed. It can be susceptible to minor health issues like hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy. Few other issues can bother this dog like juvenile cataracts, Legg-Calve-Perthes disease, and luxating patella. In rare cases, the dog might contract the disease of diabetes.
The American Eskimo dog is an intelligent breed and is easily trainable. It is the reason why these dogs were popular for doing tricks in circuses. Eskies love to learn new tricks. The trainer has to be consistent and need to take the role of a leader right from the day one. A slight lack of confidence in the trainer will let the dog take over as the pack leader. For getting best results out of the training, use positive reinforcement technique.
Start with the basic commands like SIT, STAY and COME. After completion of the basic command training, commence for the more advanced training of the dog. It will help in the mental stimulation of dog.
Like all dogs, start their socialization from an early age. This breed does not have any aggressive trait being an inherent watchdog. They are suitable for those families who have an active lifestyle. They tend to bark excessively, mainly on stranger’s arrival. Speak out command ‘STOP’ firmly to restrict the dog from barking. Reward or praise the dog for responding to your command positively.
These dogs can be given the same diet as the other mid-sized breeds. Provide them with ½ to 1.5 cups of superior quality dry dog food, divided into two meals per day. Keep control over their food intake to prevent obesity in the dogs. You can give the dogs combination of dry and moist food. The Eskies can be allergic to few food items including salmon. Some breeders advise against giving the dog rawhide chews. Many veterinarians suggest avoiding giving the dog real bones of chicken, turkey, steak, and ham.
The American Eskimo dog is an intelligent, happy and active dog.
These dogs love the company of their family and leaving them alone for a long time won't be good.
Leaving them for a long time will make them prone to separation anxiety
A bored American Eskimo Dog might resort to destructive activities like chewing and barking excessively.
Monitor the interaction of the Eskie and other pets as they might tend to chase them.
Interesting facts about American Eskimo Dogs
The American Eskimo Dogs became immensely popular with the traveling circuses in the late 19th century.
The Eskie was the first dog who is known to have walked a tightrope.
These dogs come in “biscuit” color too.