The Australian Kelpie is a purebred sheepdog and is incredibly dedicated and devoted to its duty. The breed has an inherent instinct of working in the sheep, be it in the open fields or in the enclosed yards. The dog is a bit long in ratio to its height. Its appearance is highly energetic and flexible, thanks to its solid hindquarters and broad chest. The other physical features include well-developed limbs, arched toes, medium sized tail and a long head. It is able to impress the breeders more with its hardworking capacity and less with appearance.
Australian Kelpie Puppy
Australian Kelpie History
It was thought that the origination of the breed took place in the 1870s and it is a cross of the Dingo and the Border Collie. The accurate documentation disclosed that its development is from North Country Collies of Rutherford strain. The dog was brought to Australia in the late 19th century, and now it is one of the most popular working dogs in the country.
Australian Kelpie Varieties
Working Kelpie: They have a smooth, short, or harsh coat that has a range of different colors including cream, light tan, and dark. This variety mainly sheds out its double coat in spring.
Show Kelpie (Bench Kelpie): They have short, solid shades, double coats with pricked ears. They are short and bulky than working variety.
Type Of Mixes
There are other variations of mixes available of the Australian Kelpie. They are mixed with the breeds that are given down below.
Australian Kelpie with Border Collie
Australian Shepherd and Australian Kelpie
Cattle Dog with Australian Kelpie
Australian Kelpie with Dachshund
German Shepherd and Australian Kelpie
Golden Retriever and Australian Kelpie
Australian Kelpie with Siberian Husky
Australian Kelpie Mix
Temperament and Intelligence
The Australian Kelpie is a herding dog which gives it an independent streak. It means that they should be mentally challenged with something to keep them busy or they might resort to destructive behavior. They are highly alert and active dogs with exceptional loyalty towards their masters. Australian Kelpies are always eager to please their masters and an incredibly faithful companion. Their high octane activeness might make it difficult for the owner to contain them in apartment life. Socialization of the dogs should start at puppy age to make them behave well with children and strangers. Their inherent herding instinct might give the dogs a nipping habit.
|Other Nicknames||Kelpie, Barb, Farmer Dog|
|Coat||Double, Short, Dense, Water-Resistant|
|Color||Black, Red, Blue, Fawn, Cream, Fawn and Tan, Blue and Tan, Red and Tan, Black and Tan|
|Group of Breed||Working, Herding|
|Weight||31-44 lb (14-20 kg)|
|Size and Height||16-20 inches (41-51 cm)|
|Temperament||Intelligent, Friendly, Energetic, Eager, Loyal, Alert|
|Good with Children||Yes|
|Size of Litter||4-7 puppies|
|Country Originated in||Australia|
|Competitive Registration||UKC, FCI, NAAKR, KCGB, ACA, DRA, APRI, ACR, NZKC, NKC, CKC, ANKC|
Australian Kelpie Care
Australian Kelpie Exercise
The Australian Kelpie has got an intense amount of stamina which requires a lot of exercise on a daily basis to channelize it properly. These dogs can quickly get bored in apartment life or confined areas like a crate. Regular physical activities are required for this dog, or it may resort to destructive activities, to the extent of harming itself.
Regular activities like long walks, hiking, and jogging, are ideal for this dog for releasing its physical and mental energy. These dogs should not be left alone for a long time without human supervision. They do not trust strangers at all and are highly territorial. Start their socialization right from puppyhood, or they can attack the neighboring pets who wander into your yard. Play games which as the element of fun and frolic which will help to curb the chasing, digging and chewing instinct of the dog.
Australian Kelpie Grooming
Grooming the Australian Kelpie dog is quite easy. Occasional brushing and combing are sufficient for this dog, except its molting period. To retain the natural oils secreted in their water-resistant coat that prevents the skin from drying out, do not bathe them frequently.
Australian Kelpie Medical issues
This breed is relatively healthy apart from common health problems like luxating patella, cerebellar abiotrophy, hip dysplasia, cryptorchidism, and PRA, which may cause partial or complete blindness.
australian kelpie dog
Australian Kelpie Training
The owner has to be tactful and firm in training this intelligent dog or they will show signs of its stubborn and independent nature.
The dogs can respond to the owner's calls and gestures from great distances. The trainer has to use positive and fair methods to train these dogs.
These tireless working dogs must be taught the basic obedience commands which will be required for herding the animals. The trainer should firmly say the commands like "Sit,” “Heel,” “Stay,” “Leave it,” “Come,” and “Off” and see to that the dog responds to them appropriately. Use snacks to motivate and reward the dog after it listens to you.
Australian Kelpie Encouraging
Feed the Kelpie well balanced nutritious food. Include food items like bones, fresh meat, dry foods and fresh vegetables and fruits. You can give the dog spoonful of fresh yogurt at times.
Australian Kelpie Fun Facts
It has got the name "Kelpie" from "water kelpie," a term utilized by the Scottish writer Robert Louis Stevenson, in his novel "Kidnapped."
These obsessive working dogs can work for the full day in most extreme hot climate and can cover 1000-4000 acres of land for herding livestock.
A Show Kelpie named "Riley holds the world-record for jumping 2.95 m at the Victoria Kelpie Festival."