The Yorkshire Terrier or Yorkie is a small, toy size terrier dog. Originated in the Yorkshire region of England, it an adorable companion dog. The purpose of developing this dog was to hunt down the crowd of rats in the local clothing mills. It is one of the most popular dogs in the United States today. These dogs display all the traits of terrier-like bravery, tenaciousness, feisty and bossiness. Its trademark floor-length silky coat gives it an immensely cute appearance. The Yorkshire terrier is loving, affectionate and is truly a loyal companion of its master.
Pictures of Yorkshire Terriers
|Coat||Long, fine, silky coat with floor length hair.|
|Color||Steel blue and tan color|
|Group||Terrier, companion dog, toy dog|
|Litter size||2-5 puppies|
|Lifespan/ Life Expectancy||11 to 15 years|
|Temperament||Intelligent, energetic, playful, alert, mischievous, loyal, stubborn at times.
|Climate compatibility||Are intolerant towards extreme heat and cold temperatures|
|Competitive Registration Qualification/Information||CKC, KC (UK), UKC, NZKC, FCI, ANKC, AKC|
|Country of Origin||England|
What Does a Yorkshire Terrier Look Like
The Yorkie has got a flat head which goes absolutely well with its well-portioned body. It has dark, medium size eyes that flaunts an intelligent expression. The V-shaped erect ears sitting on its head gives the dog an adorable look.
How big do Yorkshire Terriers get
These dogs are small sized toy breeds that can grow maximum up to 7 pounds. The Teacup Yorkie is a smaller version of the Yorkshire Terrier that weighs around 4 pounds. AKC or other major kennel clubs do not recognize the Teacup Yorkshire Terrier.
It is better not to practice breeding of Teacup Yorkies as the litters born may have multiple health issues like heart ailment, pelvic pain, seizures and luxating patella.
Are Yorkshire Terriers Hypoallergenic
The Yorkshire Terriers are hypoallergenic dogs and are suitable for those who are battling any kind of allergies.
This dog was developed in the Lancashire and Yorkshire counties of England in the mid-19th century. The Scottish workers came to Yorkshire at that time to find work. They brought along several different varieties of small terriers. Most of these workers worked in cotton and woolen mills. Their terriers were used for chasing and hunting rats and other rats. The Yorkies was a breed that belonged to the working class people and did the same job. The dogs gained popularity gradually and became a perfect companion of fashionable ladies in the late Victorian era. They showed off their pets by carrying them in their lap.
The Scottish terrier(now extinct) is believed to play a significant role in the development of this breed along with other breeds. The other dogs that were involved in the creation of this breed are Paisley Terrier, Skye Terrier, and Dandie Dinmont. The role of Maltese is mentioned too in the in the creation of the Yorkshire terrier dog. Huddersfield Ben, a famous dog in the 1860s, owned by a woman named Mary Ann Foster in Yorkshire, is believed to be the father of this breed.
In 1886, the Kennel Club in England was the first to recognize this breed. The AKC registered the first Yorkshire Terrier named 'Belle' in 1885 after it got introduced in the USA in 1872. Their numbers came down by 1940s, and it got revived with a dog named Smoky a Yorkie from World War II. The AKC ranked this dog as 6th purebred in 2012-2013 on the basis of popularity.
Yorkshire Terrier Mixes
Miniature Schnauzer x Yorkshire Terrier = Snorkie
Chinese Crested x Yorkshire Terrier = Chinese Yorkie
Corgi x Yorkshire Terrier = Corkie
Chihuahua x Yorkshire Terrier = Chorkie
Miniature Pinscher x Yorkshire Terrier = Min-Pinie
Dachshund x Yorkshire Terrier= Dorkie
Bichon Frise x Yorkshire Terrier = Borkie
Beagle x Yorkshire Terrier = Yorgle
Poodle x Yorkshire Terrier = Yorkiepoo
Boxer x Yorkshire Terrier = Boxkie
Lhasa Apsa x Yorkshire Terrier = Lorkie
Cairn Terrier x Yorkshire Terrier = Carkie
Coton de Tulear x Yorkshire Terrier = Cotonshire
Temperament and Personality
The personality of the Yorkie dog may vary, which mostly depends on their upbringing. Like its terrier cousins, these dogs were mainly bred to hunt vermin. They have this inherent instinct to chase and kill small animals. They are bold and amazingly brave and won’t back down from a fight from an animal larger to its size. Some of the terriers can display spoilt brat like tendency and seek royal treatment. Their incredibly small size has earned them the name of “Purse Dogs”. These dogs can be graciously carried around in the handbags or arms of their owners.
They like to seek attention and love human companionship. They will show their unhappiness if you deprive them of it. The dogs are incredibly loyal to their masters and would follow them like a shadow.
The Yorkies are wary of strangers and would immediately bark excessively to alert its master on spotting an unknown person.
The dogs may be small, they behave mostly like a large canine. These dogs can be yappy, boastful and have a knack to create chaos and trouble.
They are suitable for older kids and not for the young toddlers as they can manhandle them which can make the dogs annoyed and disturbed.
The Yorkie can adjust well with other dogs if you raise him along with them. Be careful about introducing a new pet to your Yorkie dog as they are very possessive about their master. They dislike sharing their master’s love and will challenge the new pet and might go to the extent of attacking them. They are unsuitable for families who already have small animals like squirrels and rabbits as the dogs may chase them.
These small size dogs need an ample amount of exercise. It will help in channelizing their energy level appropriately. Take the dogs on daily walks clubbed with sufficient indoor and outdoor playtime. These dogs are susceptible to extreme cold and hot weathers. It is better to keep them indoors in weather conditions like this.
The dog’s floor-length silky long hair needs gentle brushing regularly to prevent matting and tangling. Trim the hair short on its head or tie a bow shape knot. Weekly bathing the dog with shampoo suggested by the vet will help in keeping the shine of the coat. Do not brush dirty or dry coat as it can lead to breakage of hair. Brush its teeth to prevent tartar formation and trim its nails regularly. Clean its eye and ears and take all the necessary grooming measures.
The Yorkie is a hardy breed and may suffer from issues like luxating patella, lymphangiectasia, bronchitis, and progressive retinal atrophy. They may encounter other problems like collapsed trachea, reversed sneezing along with eye infections and dental issues.
The Yorkshire terrier sits proudly on the 34th position in Coren’s “The Intelligence of Dogs". It means that the dog can quickly pick up training lessons, thanks to its sharp brain. An experienced trainer will be better to train this dog who at times can show traits of stubbornness.
Obedience training is the first thing that you should implement. It is necessary keeping in mind their frequent yappy and stubborn behavior. Make it obey your commands like “STOP” and “QUIET” which will help in controlling their barking tendency too.
Socialization is the significant part of this dog's training. Expose the dog with different kinds of situations and people. It will help the dog to differentiate between friends and unfamiliar people. It helps in controlling their attacking tendency of seeing any new stranger. Take them to the dog park too for meeting new dogs. It will assist to keep a check on their aggression towards other canines.
Housetraining these dogs can be a challenging task and you should start this training right from the puppy age. For that, you have to keep a regimented feeding time for these dogs. See to that there is no deviation, or the dog does not gobble up anything ahead of mealtime. Take the dog out for doing its business after it wakes up in the morning. Keep taking the dog out in every one or two hours. Take the Yorkie to the same spot every time for elimination which will help the dog to relate to the action accurately.
Crate training will be beneficial keeping in mind its separation anxiety issue. Start the crate training right from the dog’s young age. Introduce the crate to the dog and let him get acquainted with it. Keep the dog alone first for a short time, gradually increasing the time span.
Diet and Feeding
A diet of a half to three-fourths cups of high-quality dry dog food divided into two meals will be apt. Be careful at the time of giving homemade treats to the dog as it has got a delicate digestive system. Any food apart from their regular meal can cause problems like diarrhea or vomiting.
A Yorkie named Smokey became a World War II hero for its brave act of pulling wire through a 70 feet wide tunnel.
U.S. president Richard Nixon had a pet Yorkie named Pasha who lived in White House at the time of his tenure.
A dog naming Sylvia holds the world record of being the smallest dog equivalent to a size of a matchbox.